Standing still and walking on toes daily for 5 minutes helps in strengthening the feet muscles. The exercise should be done without touching the heel to the ground. Toe spreads is another exercise which provides good exercise to the feet. The exercise can be performed while lying down, in a sitting position, or even while standing. In this simple exercise, one has to just spread the toes, i.e. create space between them. The toes need to be held in the stretched position for 10 seconds and then released. The exercise need to be repeated 10 times. At the other end of the spectrum, yet within the same category of congenital flat foot, exist several rare, more severe forms of flat foot. These severe conditions include Vertical Talus, Congenital Calcaneal Valgus, and Tarsal Coalitions - all of which are more rigid (no arch with or without weight on the foot) and definitely symptomatic. Luckily, these are much less common, but can usually be identified by specialists at the time of presentation and treated appropriately. Among 1,930 men and women recruited from Framingham, Massachusetts, pronated feet - which tend to roll inward as a person walks - were linked to lower back pain in women only. The main aim of surgery is to produce a foot which can adapt flat to the ground, take normal footwear and be without pain. It is possible for surgery to cause an over correction or an under correction in foot posture and surgeons must take great care in aligning the various aspects of a more normal foot posture. The aim of surgery in the beginning is to halt progress towards potential tendon rupture. plantar flexors Are those that pull the foot back. Thus are located in the back of the leg in the calf They are the soleus and the twins with the Achilles tendon, which is common to both. As the weight shifts, pivot slightly on the L foot and drive flat, diagonally,across the court. Do not "pull" your cross-court drive, unless with the express purpose of passing the net person and using that method to disguise your shot. The forehand drive from the No. 2 (or left) court is the same for the straight shot down your opponent's forehand. For the cross drive to the backhand line up your body along your shot and make your normal drive. Do not try to "spoon" the ball over with a delayed wrist movement, as it tends to slide the ball off your racket. Orthotic insoles can help to relieve symptoms and cure any foot condition, especially when the bodyweight is not supported properly or when foot pain is caused by improper biodynamics. Although standard insoles may be all that is needed, often an individual will need to see a specialist to get correction for a specific problem. A podiatrist or sports therapist will usually observe the gait, and perform various foot pressure tests to find out what skeletal and muscular imbalances exist in the lower body. Once the problems are identified, the correct foot orthotics can then be prescribed, or constructed.